Asiminier (Asimina Triloba), Unknown Fruit Tree



The Ashrimp is a small tree that comes from the East of the United States which explains its name of Asiminier of Virginia, but it is also called banana tree or paw paw. Like a tree, it has a very straight trunk with a smooth gray-brown bark that tends to become more cracked over time. It enjoys excellent hardiness (-25° C) while withstanding high summer temperatures (35 to 40° C).

Asiminier (Asimina triloba), an unknown fruit tree with ornamental foliage

Its deciduous, obovate leaves, up to 30 cm long, are medium green in color becoming yellow in autumn, which makes it interesting for ornamental use.

In spring, from April to May, flowers 3 to 5 cm in diameter bloom alone or in small groups on the shoots of the previous year: with their sectional shape, a calyx with 3 large lobes surrounding 6 petals purple brown veined, they do not go unnoticed especially as they give off a stench of rotten meat.

As soon as they are pollinated (by insects or self-fertilizing), the flowers will turn into ovoid edible fruits 8 to 12 cm long, joined together as a small banana diet, with a yellow-green color becoming yellowish brown at maturity, at the end of summer. Inside, toxic black seeds are in the middle of the pulp.

The sweet and sweet flesh of asimine has a vanilla scent while reminding banana and mango. It is rich in sugars, vitamins A and C and is a source of trace elements and amino acids.

  • Family: Annonaceae
  • Type: fruit tree
  • Origin: Eastern United States
  • Color: purple brown flowers
  • Sowing: yes
  • Cutting: no
  • Planting: spring or autumn
  • Harvest: August to October
  • Height: 6 to 10 m

Ideal soil and exposure for the asiminier

The asiminier grows in full sun, even if it tolerates the partial shade, in a soil rich, humiferous, deep, fresh and well drained, preferably acidic but not calcareous. He will enjoy being protected from drying winds.

asimplant flower (Asimina triloba), unknown fruit

Date of sowing and planting of the asiminier

Seedlings are planted in nurseries in March, after stratification of the seeds throughout the winter, or in the fall.

If the asiminier makes rejections from his roots, they can be "detached" like marcots.

The planting is done in March keeping at least 3 m between the subjects.

Council of maintenance and culture of the asiminier

The asiminier does not require much maintenance since it appreciates the winter cold and supports the heat wave if it is mulched with the foot and does not miss too much water anyway. No size is to be done except to keep a beautiful frame.

Harvesting, conservation and use of the asiminier

The fruits are harvested in late summer before they are all brown but rather yellowish. They keep very bad, just a few days in the refrigerator.

Asimine flesh is eaten fresh, in juice or compote. The skin is not managed nor the seeds.

In external use, the leaves have medicinal properties to treat abscesses and boils provided they do not develop allergic skin reactions.

Diseases, pests and parasites of the asiminier

The asiminier is not affected by diseases or pests and pests leave him alone because it has a natural insecticidal and pesticidal effect.

Location and favorable association of the asiminier

It is a small tree that can find its place in a shrubbery or on the edge of sunny undergrowth but it can also be grown in a tray on a terrace.

There are 8 species of the genus Asimina and many cultivars ofAsimina triloba have been developed to improve the fruits: 'Prima', 'Georgia', 'Sunflower', 'Davis', 'Mango', 'Wilson'


Video: A Guide to Pawpaws.


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