The breadfruit tree, or breadfruit, or rime tree, is a tropical tree of great height with a large and rather elegant port. It can not grow in Europe where it is not warm enough unless grown in a greenhouse at 15° C minimum. Its evergreen leaves are 30 to 40 cm long with many cuts: they are ample and a nice glossy dark green.
The bean (Vicia faba) is an annual plant of the Mediterranean climate of the family of legumes which is rather unloved because it is always sold fresh but shelling which takes a little time. This leguminous plant also called gorgia, foliage swamps or field foliage, has thick, square stems, and bears leaves with large oval leaflets.
The butternut squash of Provence belongs to the species Cucurbita moschata among those which compose the big family of Cucurbitaceae. They are part of the "runner" or creeping squash, which form long stalks that soon invade neighboring cultures if you do not intervene. The heart-shaped leaves are dark green, they are mottled white, velvety, with more or less sharp angles and can measure 40 to 50 cm in diameter.
Cousin of the artichoke, the cardoon is a vegetable plant very appreciated for its fleshy ribs and not for its thorny leaves. Depending on the variety, the cardoon easily reaches 2 meters high. Its large leaves are silver gray and the flowers grouped in capitula are purplish. These are the etiolated ribs of the cardoon that are consumed.
The cashew tree is of tropical origin, and today it grows in India, Madagascar and Malaysia. It needs at least 15° C. It grows very high since it can reach more than 10 m, and it has a rather tortuous trunk. Its evergreen leaves are simple, oval and leathery, they can be up to 25 cm in length.
This Citrus species, which originates from an Indonesian island formerly called Sumbawa from which it derives its name, forms a small tree up to 3 m tall with thorny branches. It is quite cold and will not tolerate that the temperature drops permanently below -5° C. Its evergreen leaves are doubly winged and have a very pretty green characteristic of lemon trees.
The glacial ficoïde (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum), also called icy purslane, ice grass or crystalline ficoïde, is immediately noticeable in the garden because it detonates by its beauty and its originality especially as it is, moreover, tasty. It is an old perennial leaf vegetable grown as an annual plant, which is presented as a groundcover.
The gherkin is a herbaceous, creeping plant native to western Asia. It is the same family as melon, squash or calabash and is consumed as a condiment. In reality, the pickle is a cucumber picked very small! The gherkins are kept in the vinegar: the small ones are more crunchy and more presentable than the big ones: take care to watch their fast growth during the picking!
Kiwai is a cousin of the kiwi fruit: its edible fruits begin to be sought for their nutritional virtues (rich in vitamin C and polyphenols). It is finally quite easy to cultivate. The fruit, which is a berry, grows in clusters on the climbing plant which is very resistant to the cold (-25° C) which makes it an additional asset compared to the kiwi.
The lamb's lettuce is a small biennial herbaceous plant that is part of the autumn-style salad. It has lovely fleshy leaves, flat, spatulate, up to 10 cm long, which, when united, form a rosette. The leaves are almost glabrous in the color of light green to dark green, and greenish-gray below.
The lactarians (Lactarius) belong to the great Russulaceae family. Their main characteristic is to let escape milk or latex when cut either in the flesh or slats. Although the genus Lactarius has around 150 species, only some of them are edible, and only a few are worth the trip.
The Coqueret du Peruvian is a herbaceous plant that does not like the cold, whose fruits have a recognized ornamental capacity. The fruit of the Coqueret of Peru or Physalis contains a high concentration of beta-carotene and vitamin C. It can be eaten raw or in jam. It is often found in pastry decoration for cakes or pies.