Jerusalem Artichoke: Benefits And Virtues

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Jerusalem artichoke

Jerusalem artichoke or Helianthus tuberosus belongs to the same family as the endive, the lettuce and the sunflowers: the Asteraceae.

Several varieties of Jerusalem artichoke exist. Depending on the variety, the color changes. It can be white or yellow or even purple or pink like the "Rouge du Limousin" or the "Violet de Rennes".

You can enjoy this tuber from November to April. The production of Jerusalem artichoke is mainly provided by France, Germany and the Netherlands.

It is also known as "winter artichoke", "earth pear" or "truffle of Canada".

Discover this delicious root vegetable, beneficial to the health of our body.

To read also: cultivate the Jerusalem artichoke

The Jerusalem artichoke, for the little story:

The term of Topinambour, comes from a people in Brazil, the "Tupinambas".

Jerusalem artichoke is native to North America.

He arrived in France by the explorer Samuel de Champlain during the 17th century, during a trip to Canada.

During the Second World War, Jerusalem artichoke was a staple food, which replaced the potato, which was requisitioned by German troops.

In the period after the war, the Jerusalem artichoke was shunned and forgotten by the French because of a period of scarcity and restrictions.

Today this vegetable is back in our plates for the greatest pleasure of our taste buds.

Jerusalem artichoke, its benefits and virtues for health:

Jerusalem artichoke is excellent for transit. Very effective, it facilitates the digestion and regulates the transit in case of constipation.

In addition, the very large presence of theinulin, a polysaccharide found in plants, eliminates harmful bacteria present in the colon. And on the contrary keeps the bacteria of our intestinal flora, beneficial to the defense of the body.

The Jerusalem artichoke contributes to weight loss, thanks to inulin. Jerusalem artichoke is an excellent appetite suppressant. It causes a satiety effect quickly, avoiding any nibbling.

The Jerusalem artichoke preserves our health.

It reduces the rate of bad cholesterol in favor of good cholesterol. Thus it preserves our arteries and limits the risks of appearance of cardiovascular illnesses.

The Jerusalem artichoke is an excellent disinfectant.

The Jerusalem artichoke brings many elements: from magnesium (17 mg / 100 g) and calcium (14 mg / 100 g) for bone health and preservation. Thus the Jerusalem artichoke is an excellent preventive against theosteoporosis.

It also offers iron, excellent for transporting oxygen in the blood and cells. And to fight against anemia.

As well as potassium (429 mg / 100g), for the regulation of blood pressure, muscle contraction and transmission of nerve impulses.
But also phosphorus (78 mg / 100g), as well as sodium (4mg / 100g).

Vitamin C present in the Jerusalem artichoke is a very good antioxidant that protects our body from free radicals, cell aging in sTiming the immune system.

Jerusalem artichokes bring other vitamins in smaller amounts: vitamins of group B and vitamin A.

It is recommended for lactating women because it promotes lactation.

Precautions: The Jerusalem artichoke can cause some flatulence and stomachaches. Some do not digest it very well.

The Jerusalem artichoke in the kitchen:

It is 4 times less caloric than the potato. Here is a perfect vegetable for your diet.

Its glycemic index is low (15), the Jerusalem artichoke can without a problem be part of the diet plan diabetics. Indeed, it does not cause a peak in blood glucose (blood glucose level).

His taste is close to that of the artichoke, hence his nickname "artichoke of Canada".

We can eat it as well vintage than cooked.
Jerusalem artichoke is enjoyed, steamed, mashed, gratin with cauliflower, ratatouille or omelette.

It is also very good in soup and velvety.

As input, we can to grate and season it as you please.

It is also cooked in the oven, on a drizzle of olive oil, on which some spices are added.

Jerusalem artichoke goes very well with mushrooms.
Try the excellent Jerusalem artichoke velouté with the truffle of smart garden

Also try the duck pie with Jerusalem artichokes.

The flowers of Jerusalem artichokes are eaten in salad.

Gourmet ideas:

In salad the Jerusalem artichoke is excellent with lamb's lettuce and a good lemon vinaigrette.

Sautéed in the pan, the Jerusalem artichoke accompanies your meats.

Try the many Jerusalem artichoke recipes to garden cleverly

Hand advice about Jerusalem artichoke:

The conservation of Jerusalem artichoke: this fragile vegetable is only kept for a few days

in the vegetable bin of your refrigerator.

Council peeling of smart gardening: the very "quirky" shape of the Jerusalem artichoke does not facilitate its peeling. For less difficulties, make leather Jerusalem artichoke with the skin. The latter will be removed quickly.

To read also: cultivate the Jerusalem artichoke

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Video: The Speaking.

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