Pineapple (Pineapple Comosus), The Exotic Fruit Par Excellence



Pineapple (Pineapple comosus), the exotic fruit par excellence

The pineapple, whose origin is South America, is one of the exotic fruits that can be found in all stores for a relatively low price, from Costa Rica or C么te d'Ivoire most often. The plant that produces the fruit is a herbaceous perennial forming a tuft up to 1.5 m tall, with leaves in rosette, green-gray, tapered but thorny on the edges, curved at their end.

Ovoid bluish pink flowers up to 30 cm long, appear during the summer, protected by orange bracts. They will each give a fruit consisting of bark scales.

To taste it, it is necessary to remove this bark as well as the heart, often coriaceous, in order to have only the flesh, yellow, juicy, acid and sweet at the same time.

Pineapple is rich in sugars, vitamins, fiber, iron, potassium and carotenoids. The bromelain it contains is a proteolytic enzyme that promotes digestion. However, do not wait and forget about the pineapple dieting method!

  • Family: Bromeliads
  • Type: perennial
  • Origin: Paraguay and South America
  • Color: pink, bluish, purple flowers
  • Sowing: no
  • Cutting: yes
  • Planting: spring
  • Flowering: summer
  • Height: up to 1.5 m

Ideal soil and exposure for planting pineapple

Pineapple needs a light, well-drained, humus, fibrous soil with exposure to sun and heat (minimum 15掳 C).

Date of cutting and planting pineapple

Pineapple contains almost no seeds, since it is pollinated by hummingbirds, so it is more easily multiplied by division of rejects as soon as they reach about twenty cm. Or by cutting the leaf crown that is above the fruit: cut cleanly, remove the octopus remains and the first crown of leaves, and plant in a pot containing a mixture of sand and potting soil; after a few weeks, roots will be formed and the plant will begin to grow.

Advice of care and culture of pineapple


Outside the tropics, it is very rare to have fruits. It is then grown mainly as a houseplant.

Harvesting, conservation and use of pineapple

Pineapple picking is done by cutting right under the fruit as soon as it starts to color and smell. However, fruits that travel a long time by boat are picked well before maturity.

Diseases, pests and parasites of pineapple

Mealybugs are the enemy of pineapple.

Location and favorable association of pineapple

It is a plant that is grown in pot or tray indoors.

There are different species and many cultivars. 'Victoria' or Queen ' are the sweetest and most fragrant, but that's the 'Smooth Cayenne' which is the most common on our stalls although it is firm, rather fibrous and rather acidic. In Guadeloupe, thepineapple bottle is the variety that is grown.




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