- The stinging perennial plant, the basis of nettle manure
- The medicinal virtues of nettle
- Nettle in the kitchen
- Stinging nettle
Nettle, because of its stinging hairs, is called a weed, while it has not only medicinal properties but also doping virtues for the garden plantations not to mention that it is also consumed in cooking.
A beneficial herb to keep on hand, taking care to pick it up in unpolluted areas! Make it dry (leaves and roots): it loses its stinging properties.
The stinging perennial plant, the basis of nettle manure
Urtica dioica is a perennial plant with very straight stems and highly toothed opposite leaves, which grows in abandoned fields, rubble, along paths, especially if the soil is rich in nitrogen. With rhizomes, nettle has no trouble quickly colonize spaces. Its name is easily explained since it is dioecious, that is to say that the greenish flowers in clusters located in the axils of the leaves are male or female depending on the feet.
From the top of the meter that it can reach, the nettle is entirely covered with hairs that form small tubes of silicas breaking at the slightest friction, letting under the skin a liquid allergenic rich in histamine, causing this burning sensation well known to all accompanied by small reddish blisters.
In the garden, the recipe for nettle manure or "fermented extract" is essential: it is a great accelerator of growth of young plants in the spring, which strengthens vegetables, because of the richness of the stinging nettle. nitrogen, potassium and iron. Nettle manure also promotes the decomposition of compost, and it also has insect repellent, insecticidal and fungicidal properties.
The medicinal virtues of nettle
The leaves of nettles are interesting as anti-inflammatory against rheumatic pains, arthritis and inflammation of the urinary tract, and even in prevention of the formation of kidney stones since the plant is diuretic but also tonic and detoxifying.
The rhizomes are also effective in the treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy.
Nettle also has astringent virtues used against heavy periods, nosebleeds, diarrhea.
As a depurative, nettle comes to the rescue of dermatoses such as eczema, psoriasis, scabs and even acne oily skin. It improves the vigor of the hair but also of the nails.
Nettle is presented and used in different ways:
- in infusion: 2 tablespoons of dried nettle leaves / 150 ml (4 cups maximum / day), allowing to infuse 10 mn,
- in decoction: 30 to 40 g of roots of nettle / 1 liter (3 cups maximum / day) by boiling 5 mn and infusing 10 mn,
- in capsules, extracts or tincture as indicated by the pharmacist.
Nettle in the kitchen
Nutritionists recognize that nettle leaves rich in protein, balanced in amino acids, have the same nutritional value as meat. They also contain a lot of vitamin C, calcium, iron, provitamin A and mineral salts. Unlike spinach, it does not contain oxalates.
To cook it, only pick up some of the most tender and delicate young nettle sprouts: you can make a soup, mix them with spinach, prepare a pesto or add them raw to a salad mesclun.
The nettle root is used to prepare a hair lotion to stimulate hair growth: simply macerate 60 g of dried root with 60 g of oregano in a liter of water for 1 month. You can make daily friction.
For all scalp problems, a hair lotion combining nettle, nasturtium and boxwood will be particularly beneficial.
The use of plants to heal must be done by asking a doctor, pharmacist or herbalist. Pregnant women, people with chronic and serious illnesses or taking medication should consult a doctor before self-medication can lead to adverse effects, including drug interactions.