Strawberry (Fragaria): A Desire For Strawberries?

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The strawberry is a stoloniferous perennial whose leaves measure 10 to 15 cm high, and have three leaflets with a nice serrated outline, and a beautiful bright green. Needless to say that if we grow the strawberry, it is for its fruit: the strawberry. The strawberry is generally unanimous, in humans, but also in animals, to the chagrin of gardeners. Not to mention that the strawberry is rich in vitamins C, iron and iodine.

Strawberry cultivation (Fragaria) in the vegetable garden

And what's more normal, this fruit has the pretty heart shape is a red to make tomatoes jealous, and a taste to salivate all taste buds. In the eighteenth century, the nipples of women were nicknamed "strawberries"...

It is a certain Amédée François Frézier who reported in 1714, the strawberry of Chile (Fragaria chiloensis) from which many varieties have been created, especially those with large fruits.

  • Family: Rosaceae
  • Type: perennial stoloniferous
  • Origin: South America
  • Color: White flowers
  • sowing: Yes
  • slip: Yes
  • Planting: autumn
  • Harvest: from mid-June to the end of July, depending on the varieties growing up or not
  • Height: 20 to 40 cm

Ideal soil and exposure for strawberry cultivation

Strawberries need fertile soil, humus, sandy. The strawberry needs a lot of sun so that all its flavors develop.

Date of sowing, transplanting and multiplication of strawberries

It is possible to seed but it is rather reserved for specialists. Prefer the purchase of plants that you will put in the ground in autumn by envisaging a space of 40cm between each plant. The simplest multiplication is by stolons or by division of tufts in autumn.

  • See: What varieties of strawberries to plant?
  • See: Strawberry planting

Advice of maintenance and cultivation of the strawberry in the vegetable garden

Cut leaves and stolons to 5 cm in the fall to prevent the spread of disease. Hoeing to prevent weeds from choking it.

Straw a month before flowering to maintain moisture and protect the fruit from moisture from the soil that could rot.

Strawberries are very thirsty, so water them regularly.

Harvest, conservation and use of strawberries

The strawberry can be picked when it is in its final color, and when the fruit is easily detached from the peduncle.
Strawberries are fragile and must be handled with great care. Taste them quickly otherwise you risk losing them after two days.

Diseases, pests and parasites of strawberry

The red spider, the phytophtora, the powdery mildew are to be feared on the strawberry.

Strawberry cultivation (Fragaria) in the vegetable garden

Location and favorable association of strawberry with vegetable garden

Garlic, spinach, white beans, lettuce, onions, leeks are good crops to associate with strawberries. On the other hand, keep cabbage away from strawberries.

Strawberries can be planted in pots but you will need to feed them with fertilizer because the plant is greedy.

There are more than 660 species among which gariguette, early and very fragrant, or Mara des Bois, dating back to the taste of wild strawberry, Ostara, for fruits until October, Rabunda, disease resistant, Favette, early, Elsanta, big but scented, suitable for jams, Cigoulette, crunchy, Selva, which is suitable for pastry...

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Video: Wild Strawberries in the Yard.

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