Watercress: Appreciated For Its Leaves

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Watercress

Watercress is a vegetable and condiment that is appreciated for the tangy flavor of its leaves.

Here are our tips for growing watercress, from sowing to harvesting through watering and pests to watch.

In summary, what you need to know:

Name: Nasturtium officinale
Family: Brassicaceae
Type: Leaf vegetable, condiment plant
Vegetation: Perennial, evergreen

Height: 20-60 cm
Exposure: Partial shadow
Ground: Rich in humus, saturated with water

seedling: March to July
Harvest: May to October

Of all the cress, watercress, or water cress, crisp and juicy, is the one with the least pungent taste. It is an aquatic plant or at least a wetland.

To read also: benefits and virtues of watercress for health

Sowing and planting of watercress

Watercress: appreciated for its leaves: leaves

The planting watercress is carried out ground waterlogged or kept very humid, and rich in humus (mixture composed of 50% compost or good garden soil, and 50% compost). Bury the seeds a little (0.5-1cm). Transplanting occurs when seedlings have 4 or 5 leaves. You can also plant, directly in place, seedlings purchased in pots or mini-clod.

Since watercress is a plant that grows naturally in shallow, running water (stream banks), in the absence of a stream, deep culture basin of 30 cm at most.

If the water is not constantly renewed by a pump system, it must be changed at least twice a week.

What the watercress loves:

  • a soil saturated with water, ideally running water
  • rich soil
  • transplanting, which strengthens the seedlings.

Harvesting watercress

Harvests take place about 6 weeks after transplanting or planting. Simply cut the leaves and stems as and when needed. In the fall, protect the frost culture with a wintering veil to prolong the harvest.

Warning! Never harvest wild water cress: it can house the liver fluke, a parasite that causes dangerous human liver disease, distomatosis.

Diseases and parasites affecting watercress

Watercress is not subject to disease and, apart from aphids, it is only slightly concerned by parasites (stems that emerge from the water are out of reach of slugs and snails).

The best varieties of watercress

  • 'Petit Vert': variety with small dark green leaves, with a powerful flavor, close to that of wild watercress.
  • 'Gros Vert': variety with large dark green leaves, pungent flavor
  • 'Improved broadleaf': variety with large, light green leaves, with a sweeter flavor than the previous ones.

To read also: benefits and virtues of watercress for health

Smart advice about watercress

For a crop in a normal land, choose the garden cress where the watercress alénois

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Video: Health Benefits of Watercress.

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