Breadfruit (Artocarpus Altilis) Or Crest

Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) or crest

The breadfruit tree, or breadfruit, or rime tree, is a tropical tree of great height with a large and rather elegant port. It can not grow in Europe where it is not warm enough unless grown in a greenhouse at 15° C minimum.

Its evergreen leaves are 30 to 40 cm long with many cuts: they are ample and a nice glossy dark green.

The tree bears female and male flowers: the first are insignificant, the second are gathered in ears.

Its exotic fruits are between 15 and 15 cm long, they have, in the wild, a skin with many pikes and seeds inside but horticultural varieties developed have a smooth skin and do not contain seeds. They gather a little before maturity when droplets of latex pearl on the surface.

This is the fruit pulp that you can taste: with 90 kcal / 100 g, they are low in protein but high in starch. They can have purgative virtues as well.

  • Family: Moraceae
  • Type: fruit tree
  • Origin: Polynesia, South Pacific
  • Color: brown male flowers, green females
  • Sowing: no
  • Cutting: yes
  • Planting: spring
  • Flowering: summer
  • Height: up to 20 m

Ideal soil and exposure for the breadfruit

The breadfruit is grown in full sun, heat, in deep soil, rather acidic, fresh and well drained.

Date of cuttings and planting of the breadfruit

Root cuttings can be made in a very humid greenhouse at 25° C.

Board of maintenance and culture of the breadfruit

After planting a young tree, guard it so that it does not bend. Bring an organic fertilizer before resuming vegetation. Trim to balance the antlers and remove dead branches.

Harvesting, conservation and use of the breadfruit

The fruit pulp is used baked or boiled, and then looks like the texture of the bread. It is also dried to make cookies. It can also be fermented to obtain alcohol. The seeds are eaten grilled like chestnuts.

Diseases, pests and parasites of the breadfruit

Mealybugs can attack the breadfruit, especially when grown in a greenhouse.

Location and favorable association of the breadfruit

In Europe, in veranda, it will make a nice curiosity. In the tropics, it finds its place in most gardens and wooded areas.

There are many species ofArtocarpus among which jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) close cousin of the breadfruit (Artocarpus altitis). The latter is declined in Artocarpus altitis var. seminifera with spiky skin and grains, Artocarpus altitis var. non seminiferasmooth and grain free...

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