Cashew (Western Anacardium), Cashew Nut

Cashew (Western Anacardium), cashew nut

The cashew tree is of tropical origin, and today it grows in India, Madagascar and Malaysia. It needs at least 15° C. It grows very high since it can reach more than 10 m, and it has a rather tortuous trunk.

Its evergreen leaves are simple, oval and leathery, they can be up to 25 cm in length.

In spring, small white flowers appear in long panicles of about twenty centimeters. They will give fruits "cashew apple" resembling yellow, orange or red peppers whose juice stains indelibly.

What you nibble as an aperitif, the cashew nuts, are the oil seeds of the fruits: they are separated from their fleshy envelope. They are then roasted and salted before being consumed. Be careful, they contain 50% vegetable fat and provide 550 kcal / 100g. Do not overdo it if you want to keep the line!

  • Family: Anacardiaceae
  • Type: Exotic fruit tree
  • Origin: Amazon
  • Color: white flowers
  • Sowing: yes
  • Cutting: yes
  • Planting: spring
  • Flowering: spring
  • Height: up to 12 m

Ideal soil and exposure for cashew

The cashew tree is grown in a sunny and warm situation in a light, sandy soil that can also be poor.

Date of seeding, cutting and planting of the cashew nut

Seeding is done at 21° C provided you have seeds! Cuttings are feasible too.

Advice of maintenance and culture of the cashew tree

You can pinch young feet that are too stretched to ramify. Watering should not be excessive. Avoid also the contributions of amendments.

Harvesting, conservation and use of the cashew nut tree

cashew nut

The fruit almonds are cashews which, once roasted and salted, are served as an appetizer during aperitifs.

In producing countries, the stringy flesh and vitamin C-rich juice of cashew apples are used and eaten fresh or in pastry.

Diseases, pests and parasites of the cashew tree

The cold and the excess humidity are the worst enemies of the cashew tree.

Location and favorable association of the cashew nut tree

As it is a tropical fruit tree, you can grow it in a pot or large pot, in a very bright greenhouse in which the temperature is between 16 and 20° C.

Apart from theWestern Anarcardium, there is theAnacardium rhinocarpus that produces wild cashew nut...

Do not confuse withOriental anacardium which produces Malacca beans, used as a basis for the manufacture of homeopathic granules Anacardium orientale 7CH for the treatment of pathologies of gastroenterology, dermatology and behavioral disorders.

Video: Cashew Trees, Cashew Fruit and Cashew Nut Growing in Cambodia.

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