- Tussilage: for the little story
- Medicinal properties of Tussilage:
- Virtues and benefits of Tussilage:
- The virtues of Tussilage in gastronomy
- Practical advice about coltsfoot
Herbaceous plant still called "no donkey" or "no horse" in reference to the hoof shape of its leaves, coltsfoot grows in very large colonies on steep slopes exposed to landslides or landslides, in the wetlands and uncultivated, where soil has been freshly returned.
By pushing, the coltsfoot occupies all the space with its leaves that cover the ground by inhibiting around them, the development of other species.
Perennial rhizomes, the "no donkey" is cultivated as food plant, ornamental but also, and medicinal.
Through the lines that follow, we will briefly discuss several aspects related to virtues and benefits of this plant. But, those that will particularly attract our attention will be those beneficial for the health. What are these virtues? What ill does this plant heal? What are the uses and dosages recommended?
Here's what to know...
Tussilage: for the little story
Etymologically, the name of this plant comes from Latin comes from Latin " tussis " which means "cough " and of " agere "which means" hunt In short, his name has its roots in Latin " tussilago "translating" which chases, which acts on the cough ".
This main virtue earned him the names of "cough-hunt" or "cough weed", and testifies to its use on a traditional scale.
Belonging to the family of Asteraceae (Composed), coltsfoot is one of the four most popular flowering plants in phytotherapy.
The development of this plant is very particular because, unlike other plants, it presents 2 growth phases reversed of which: the early development of the flower (in the spring), then, once faded, that of the leaf.
For 2 millennia, this plant is strongly recommended in traditional medicine as antitussive, on the European continent and the Asian one.
For a long time, therapists advised patients suffering from nasopharyngitis, asthma or cold, from smoke like tobacco, leaves of coltsfoot.
By the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century, European practitioners thought that this plant would have antibiotic and anti-inflammatory properties.
In China, where it grows in the valleys and mountains, the flowers of the coltsfoot - recognized for their effect expectorant and antitussive - were mixed with honey to treat coughs.
But nowadays, what exactly is it?
Medicinal properties of Tussilage:
The flower of coltsfoot, this herbaceous plant, contains:
10% of the natural phenolic substances (or tannins) that can stimulate the production of proteins,
flavonoids constituting an important source of antioxidants in our diet,
about 8% mucilage, which is a plant substance used as food additives in the form of fibers,
tussilagon (a sesquiterpene ester), and others substances known to be toxic because of the presence alkaloid pyrrolizidinic detected there.
As to leaves, they contain:
- an essential oil
- an antibiotic substance
mineral salts (K, Mg, Ca, Si, Fe, P, Na, S)
- vitamin C,
- 6 to 10% of the mucilage,
- potassium nitrate,
and finally, substances say toxic whose pyrrolizidine alkaloids.
Virtues and benefits of Tussilage:
Tulissage: a plant to smoke!
Considered a drug of substitution the tobacco, coltsfoot can be smoked. Therefore, it is advisable - after stacking and drying - to ferment the leaves of this perennial plant. Then, in equal quantities, mix these leaves with those of sweet woodruff and horse chestnut, then in water sweetened with honey, macerate everything.
Once the result is obtained, have them dry again before mixing them again with tobacco and smoking them. This treatment would be recommended to asthma and subjects cold, catarrh and others pulmonary diseases.
Other therapeutic virtues
Recourse to leaves of coltsfoot is indicated in the context of the treatment of respiratory diseases including colds, bronchitis, tracheitis and cough and allergic asthma attacks.
True emollient, expectorant, antitussive and fabric softener, leaves and flowers of the coltsfoot are recommended in the form of syrup or infusion to relieve the evils cited above.
In the form of mother tincture, the flowers coltsfoot are also effective in treating pectoral diseases and bronchitis.
About the mother tincture of leaveshowever, it is recommended by internal way to relieve diarrhea.
In the form of poultice by external wayuse of coltsfoot leaves (macerated overnight in water or fresh) to treat burns, the abscess who are slow to heal, you die or external cysts and sprains.
Preparation and dosages
Generally, for the preparation of a infusion Based on tussilage, it is recommended to measure 1 teaspoonful of tussilage to pour into a cup of boiling water. Then, for a better effect, let it rest for 10 minutes and, sweeten it with a little honey.
Singularly effective for relieving (and not healing) the chronic cough, a cup of infusion of the leaves of the coltsfoot is to be taken in the morning on waking (when the cough is strong) then, an identical dose the evening at bedtime.
You can take up to 3 or 4 cups a day depending on the case.
By cons, to relieve thefoot hyperhidrosisIt is advisable to bring to boiling for 10 minutes, 1 handful of coltsfoot leaves in 1 L of water. Leave to rest and, once cooled, take a foot bath.
It should be noted that in France and China, an infusion based on tussilage flowers is preferred, unlike in the United States, where they have chosen a herbal tea made from tussilage leaves for their richness in active principles.
The virtues of Tussilage in gastronomy
The flowers of the Tussilage are edible cooked or raw (in salad). As to leaveswe consume them very youth and flood.
With regard to ashes (sieved) dried leaves of tussilage, they serve spice in cooking and can substitute for salt, especially for subjects subject to a salt-free diet.
Practical advice about coltsfoot
It is advisable to collect the flowers of coltsfoot as soon as they hatch because, once opened, "they ripen their fruits when they dry". Drying should be done quickly in a dry and ventilated place.
Plant growing on moist forest margins, embankments, banks, roads, fields, and fallow land, it encloses senkirkine (a pyrrolizidine alkaloid) at low doses but, toxic for the liver cell.
According to some experts, this amount would be "safe". However, it is better to avoid of the excessive treatments and on a long duration.
NB: The coltsfoot is not recommended the children under six years old, to subjects suffering from liver disease and to pregnant women.
If in doubt, seek the advice of your doctor or specialist (herbalist).