- Ideal soil and exposure for Fittonia
- Date of cuttings and planting of Fittonia
- Board of maintenance and culture of Fittonia
- Diseases, pests and parasites of Fittonia
- Location and favorable association of Fittonia
- Recommended varieties of Fittonia for indoors
The Fittonia are pretty creeping plants that owe their name to Elizabeth and Sara Fitton, authors of the book Conversations on Botanywhich contributed to its introduction later in Europe in 1867.
Tropical ground cover plants that grow naturally in South America, at home they make very beautiful indoor ground cover that require a humid and warm atmosphere. They also grow well in wet terrarium. The secret of the success of their culture is to water well and never allow the soil to dry out. As a result, they are considered delicate to treat.
Leaves 6 to 10 cm long are opposite with short petioles, they are ribbed either white or carmine red, depending on the species.
In the summer, inflorescences may emerge from the foliage: as these plants are grown for their graphic foliage, it is advisable to remove the insignificant flower spikes.
- Family: Acanthacées
- Type: houseplant
- Origin: Peru
- Color: whitish flowers
- Sowing: no
- Cutting: yes
- Planting: spring
- Flowering: summer
- Height: up to 15 cm
Ideal soil and exposure for Fittonia
Fittonia is grown in shallow pots, exposed to indirect light with high hygrometry, in a mixture of ¾ of moorland and 1/4 of soil. He does not like drafts.
Date of cuttings and planting of Fittonia
It is in spring that you will make cuttings of Fittonia from end of stems bearing 3 or 4 pairs of leaves. The layering also succeeds from April to June.
Board of maintenance and culture of Fittonia
Fittonia should be at least 15° C, ideally at 18-20° C. Watering is done 2-3 times a week during growth and less in winter, but make sure that the pot is well drained. You can spray it daily. Repot each year.
Pinch the young shoots so that the plant is bushy.
Diseases, pests and parasites of Fittonia
Aphids can set in but it is especially the excess of water (leaves that turn yellow) and the lack of water (shriveled leaves) or the cold (falling leaves) that are to be feared.
Location and favorable association of Fittonia
It is a plant that is grown in suspension, indoors, greenhouse or terrarium where it can be associated with Hedera, Chlorophytum, Pilea.
Recommended varieties of Fittonia for indoors
The two main species marketed are Fittonia argyroneura with ribbed olive green leaves of silvery white and Fittonia verschaffeltii darker green with crimson-red veins.