- The general state of health of your cat
- Weight loss and appetite
- Detect fever in cats
- Check your cat's coat
- Watch your cat's eyes
- Auscultate your cat's mouth
- The behavior changes of the cat
- Monitor the stools and urine of the cat
- Vomiting in cats
- The respiratory symptoms of the cat
Some more or less obvious signs may show that your cat is sick: behavior change, loss of shape or appetite... It is still necessary to know how to detect them and what are the points to observe in the attitude and on the body of your tomcat. So we've put together ten common symptoms that can reveal a disease in the cat and watch for the slightest doubt.
The general state of health of your cat
If your cat seems less active or more distant than usual, you must first pay attention to his general health and physical appearance: does he move normally? Is he sleeping anymore? Does it show signs of apathy and fatigue? Sleep is an important indicator, so any change of pace should alert you even if the cat is an animal that sleeps a lot by nature. In his waking periods, pay attention to his attitude: does he have his head down? Does he play and eat like before? Is he coming to you? This criterion is important because a sick animal prefers to isolate himself.
Weight loss and appetite
These two symptoms usually go hand in hand, but not always! Indeed, some diseases can make the cat lose weight even if he does not eat less than usual. If in doubt, the feeding behavior of your cat should be closely monitored and its water consumption. A refusal to eat, quibbling or any change in dietary habits should lead you to consult the veterinarian. An excessive desire to drink should also alarm you, as well as dehydration. You can check by gently pulling on the skin of your cat's neck and releasing it: if it does not come back quickly, it means it is dehydrated. Finally, to control the weight of your animal, weigh it regularly between veterinary visits.
Detect fever in cats
The most reliable method to know the temperature of your cat is to take its rectal temperature using a thermometer: it must be between 38° and 39° C. If it is higher than 39° C, it means he has a fever. Get help because he will not be allowed to do it! To avoid scratching and biting, wrap it in a towel and hold your head. Attention, if its temperature is lower than 38° C, your cat is in hypothermia which is very bad sign.
Check your cat's coat
The appearance of the coat is an important factor in judging the good health of your cat. Dirty, stuck, greasy, dull or peeled hair can be a sign of illness. Thoroughly inspect your fur for crusts or parasites (fleas, ticks). Other dermatological symptoms such as hair loss, redness, irritation, itching may indicate the presence of invisible parasites such as scabies or ringworm. If you notice an excrescence or a ball under the skin, consult the veterinarian to verify that they are not tumors or abscesses.
Watch your cat's eyes
The color of the mucous membranes and the appearance of the third eyelid are crucial indicators of disease in cats. His eyes should not run or have a wet or glassy appearance, or have crusts or dirt at their mouth. Swollen, yellow, greyish or red-stained mucous membranes should alert you, possibly revealing pathology or intoxication.
Auscultate your cat's mouth
Like the color of the mucous membranes, an abnormal color of the gums is a sign of a potentially serious disease. Lift your cat's chins and look at the teeth and gums for abscesses or blood bags. This may explain eating difficulties, or even total refusal to eat because of the pain caused by an affection of the mouth and teeth. The tongue may also have small pimples, abscesses, an inflated appearance or an unusual color. Bad breath can, for its part, be the witness of dental disorders but also digestive.
The behavior changes of the cat
In addition to monitoring the physical appearance of your cat, pay attention to his behavior and observe his changes in habits and mood. Sudden aggression, irritability, agitation, distant behavior may show that he is suffering. If it is stressed, claw when you touch it or not being approached, it is that something is wrong. Unusual mews or conversely a muteness in a cat normally "talkative" are also sometimes indicators.
Monitor the stools and urine of the cat
The digestive symptoms are particularly important to know if your cat is sick: diarrhea, change of habit with the litter, abundant or difficult urination, needs made in the house... If you have a doubt on his health, have the reflex to check his stools: if they are smaller, harder, softer than usual, or have traces of blood, consult the veterinarian. It is possible that it is infested with worms or is suffering from inflammation of the intestine.
Vomiting in cats
It is normal for a cat to regurgitate from time to time because of the hair that it swallows while washing. However, repeated and painful vomiting is a sign of illness, indigestion, food poisoning or poisoning. It should be consulted quickly to rule out these possibilities, because ingestion of toxic products or foods requires immediate action.
The respiratory symptoms of the cat
Respiratory diseases such as coryza lead to difficulty breathing, resulting in fast and jerky rhythms, coughing and sneezing. Breathing can be accompanied by whistling and snoring. Pulmonary edema, asthma, pneumonia, laryngitis and many other respiratory diseases can affect the cat. Immediate consultation is therefore recommended because they can lead to serious complications.