- Ideal floor and exposure for the ladies Julienne
- Date of sowing, cutting and planting of the Julienne des Dames
- Board of maintenance and culture of the Julienne des Dames
- Diseases, pests and parasites of the Julienne of the ladies
- Location and favorable association of the Julienne des Dames
- Recommended varieties of Hesperis for planting in the garden
The Julienne of the ladies (Hesperis matronalis) is a very rustic plant with many names such as common Julienne, Julienne des jardins, Giroflée des Dames, Violet of the Ladies, Violette of Damascus, musk shrub, Girarde, Aragone... It is described as ephemeral perennial, that is that is to say that it resumes itself generously or behaves like a biennial. It offers a light, simple charm that gives it a wild look that is much appreciated in natural gardens: it is often found in blooming meadow seed mixtures. It is found in rocky places, wastelands and woods where it grows spontaneously in Europe.
Tall stems are dark green, ovate, elliptical or oblong, 10-20 cm long, toothed and pubescent.
The flowers that attract insects are growing from May to July: they are scented with scents of jasmine, have 4 petals cross, do not exceed 1 to 2 cm in diameter and form clusters or panicles of lilac or purple color, even white. Some cultivars have double flowers that look beautiful in cut flowers in a bouquet.
- Family: Brassicaceae
- Type: perennial or biennial
- Origin: Southern Europe, Russia
- Color: lilac, purple or even white flowers
- Sowing: yes
- Cutting: yes
- Planting: spring
- Flowering: May to July
- Height: about 0.9 m
Ideal floor and exposure for the ladies Julienne
Hesperis matronalis can be grown indifferently in full sun or partial shade in humus soil, fertile, fresh and well drained, neutral to alkaline. Soil enriched with organic manure will be appreciated during planting or planting.
Date of sowing, cutting and planting of the Julienne des Dames
Seeding is done in early spring or fall, spacing the pockets at least 40 cm. In the case of a biennial, the flowers will appear in the second year, but fall seedlings often flower in the following spring. You can also recover spontaneous seedlings to install where you want.
Basal cuttings can be started in March.
Board of maintenance and culture of the Julienne des Dames
Remove the faded flowers. Renew the tufts when they bloom less, that is to say every 3 years.
Diseases, pests and parasites of the Julienne of the ladies
Beware of slugs and snails especially on seedlings. Mildew can also settle on the Julienne des Dames.
Location and favorable association of the Julienne des Dames
It is a plant that is grown in the bottom of rock, in massifs a little wild or even in pot on a terrace.
Recommended varieties of Hesperis for planting in the garden
There are about thirty species and many cultivars such as Hesperis matronalis var. albiflora 'Alba Plena' (45cm) with double white flowers, Hesperis matronalis 'Purpurea Plena' (60cm) with purple flowers or double dark lilac, Hesperis matronalis 'Rubro Pleno' (60cm) with double red flowers, Hesperis matronalis 'Flore Pleno' (60cm) with double lilac flowers...
(photo credit 1: Andreas Rockstein - CC BY-SA 2.0)