Common Myrtle (Myrtus Communis), Symbol Of Venus

The common myrtle, also called Nerte, evokes the Mediterranean basin (Corsica, Sicily, Sardinia...) where it grows wild in the scrubland and woods. This shrub bush with erect habit has the particularity of being very fragrant, with its leaves as its flowers. Its growth is rather slow and its hardiness is limited to -5° C.

Common Myrtle (Myrtus communis): cultivation and maintenance of the shrub

Its evergreen leaves are up to 5 cm long, they are glazed, oval and opposite. Throughout the summer, solitary white flowers, with 5 petals, form: in the center of these flowers about 2 cm in diameter, a small tuft of white stamens protrudes. They are very popular with bees, they will give way to purple-black berries not exceeding 1 cm long, oblong, that birds will eat.

  • Family: Myrtaceae
  • Type: perennial shrub
  • Origin: Mediterranean basin
  • Color: white flowers
  • Sowing: yes
  • Cutting: yes
  • Planting: spring
  • Flowering: June to October
  • Height: 3 m

Ideal soil and exposure for planting a common myrtle in the garden

The myrtle is planted in full sun in a rather dry soil, fertile, fresh and well drained, sheltered from cold winds.

Date of seeding, cutting and planting of common myrtle

You will sow the myrtle under a cold frame in autumn, it will not germinate until spring. You will keep it in pot for at least a year to expand. Semi-woody cuttings can be done in September.

Planting is done in the spring.

Advice of maintenance and culture of the common myrtle

Myrtle does not like excess water. A size to give it a shape is possible in February-March.

Diseases, pests and parasites of common myrtle

There are no specific enemies to report.

Location and favorable association of the common myrtle

The myrtle will be enjoyed by the sea and shrubs of dry gardens, preferably against a warm and sunny wall. It can also be worn as an isolated subject or in a pot on a terrace.

You will be able to choose Myrtus communis 'Minima' at dwarf port, Myrtus communis 'Variegata' with leaves lined with cream, Myrtus communis 'Buxifolia' with elliptic leaves or the cultivar Myrtus communis 'Flore Pleno' with double flowers...

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