Dioecious Silenus (Silene Dioca), Or Red Companion

Dioecious Silenus (Silene dioca), or Red Companion

The genre Silene has expanded since he joined other genres like Lychnis. It is therefore declined in annuals, biennials, deciduous or persistent perennials. And it's the same family as the carnations.

Red or Dioecious Silenus is a semi-evergreen perennial herb that forms a tuft. Its leaves are up to 10 cm long, dark green, oval for the lower ones, oblong and smaller upwards.

The flower stems are hairy, erect and branched. In June, full-bodied paniculate cymes composed of flowers 2 to 4 cm in diameter appear, with 5 pink indented petals whose base is white. The 5-lobed calyx is bounced, swollen and hairy, and is more marked in the female flower. As the name suggests, "dioecious", the male and female flowers are on separate feet, and it is the bees that pollinate. The fruit, which is a capsule filled with seeds, hides under the evergreen calyx.

  • Family: Caryophyllaceae
  • Type: perennial
  • Origin: Europe
  • Color: pink flowers
  • Sowing: yes
  • Cutting: no
  • Planting: spring
  • Flowering: June and July
  • Height: 80 cm to 1 m

Ideal floor and exposure for the red mate

Silene dioica grown in the sun or partial shade in cool, drained soil.

Date of sowing and planting of dioecious silenus

Seedlings in cold frames are done in the summer for transplanting into a massif in the fall or under a tunnel for installation in the spring.

From June to October, it is possible to separate rooted suckers.

Advice of maintenance and culture of dieno silenus

These are flowers that require no maintenance.

Diseases, Pests and Parasites of Dioecious Silenus

Oidium and rust can attack Silene dioicabut snails and slugs are also to be watched.

Location and favorable association of dioecious silene

It is a plant that grows in cool, damp woods, on the edge of these woods, in hedges. In the garden, you can plant it in clumps and borders, or even in hotpot.

Dioecious Silenus (Silene dioca), or Red Companion

The red companion comes in different varieties: Silene dioica 'Rosea plena' with old rose flowers, Silene dioica 'Flore Pleno', double pink flower pompom, Silene dioica 'Purple prince', with big candy pink flowers, Silene dioica 'Ray's Golden Campion', with green-yellow leaves and pink flowers...

Other species exist such as Silene acaulis who forms cousins ​​and grows in the Alps naturally, Silene alpestris, also in the Alps, in drooping tuft with white flowers, Silene Pendula with pale pink flowers, ideal for hanging baskets, Silene armeria with carmine flowers in panicles or corymbs, Silene vulgaris or common silenus with white flowers, which contains saponin...

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