Pépéromia (Peperomia), Blind Cane

Peperomia caperata 'Russo'

Peperomia come from the tropical and subtropical regions of the entire planet, including in desert areas, and therefore they are grown indoors or in the greenhouse in our European latitudes. They are evergreen perennials, sometimes succulent, which form a tuft, a rosette or have a creeping habit, whose root system is poorly developed.

The leaves are fleshy, alternate or tufted, elliptical, ovate or cordate, at the end of a long petiole. They have the ability to absorb moisture from the air to store it.

The flowers form small, upright ears, white or greenish, like panicles.

  • Family: Piperaceae
  • Type: perennial
  • Origin: West Indies, South America
  • Color: white, greenish flowers
  • Sowing: yes
  • Cutting: yes
  • Planting: spring
  • Flowering: September or all year
  • Height: up to 25 cm

Ideal soil and exposure for the peperomia

Pépéromia should be planted in a pot containing a mix of loam, heather and loam, with indirect light exposure in summer and sunny in winter.

Date of sowing, cutting and planting of peperomia

Seedlings can be done between 18 and 25° C, but you can try cuttings of leaves or stems depending on the species, or even a division of clumps.

Board of maintenance and cultivation of the peperomia

A weekly watering is necessary in summer and every 10 days in winter. You can also spray the plant in summer and spring to maintain good hygrometry. However, most Peperomia have a dryness of several days.

Diseases, pests and parasites of the peperomia

Few pests are known as enemies of this plant.

Location and favorable association of the peperomia

Peperomia

Indoors, Peperomia is grown in pots, alone or in suspension for creeping species, and even in terrariums.

There are around 1000 species in total, but the best known is probably Peperomia caperata called "Blind Cane" because of its tiny white flowers that form ears 6 to 8 cm high reminiscent of white canes. It comes in particular in Peperomia caperata 'Luna red' with dark red leaves and stems, Peperomia caperata 'Rosso' with pointed leaves (photo)...

There are many others: Peperomia marmorata, with streaked leaves of silver gray and cracked veins, Peperomia glabella, with privet leaves, Peperomia clusiifolia, with smooth green leaves, Peperomia obtusifolia or magnoliifolia with big leathery leaves...

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