- Ideal soil and exposure to grow rutabagas
- Date of sowing of rutabaga
- Board of maintenance and culture of rutabaga
- Harvesting, conservation and use of rutabaga
- Diseases, pests and parasites of rutabaga
- Location and association favorable to rutabaga
- Recommended varieties of rutabaga for a plantation in the garden
The rutabaga is the result of the hybridization of a turnip and kale, and made its appearance in France in the 18th century, from northern Europe. This root vegetable whose name comes from Swedish "Rottabaggar" which means "turnip cabbage" is also known as "fodder turnip", "Swede", "Siam cabbage", "Swedish cabbage"... Of appearance, it looks a lot like turnip even if it is more yellow-green. It is quite rustic since the thermometer can go down to -10° without disturbing it.
For the generation of people who knew the second world war, the rutabaga is a bad memory, very often. Indeed, it was one of the few vegetables not requisitioned by the Germans, suddenly, it was one of the only vegetables available and frequently eaten.
Today, it comes back to the taste of the day, in the list of "old vegetables": it cooks and adapts in the same way as the turnip, in a pot in the fire, a couscous or mashed, au gratin, etc... Rich in potassium, calcium and phosphorus, it also has digestive, diuretic and laxative virtues.
- Family: Brassicaceae
- Type: annual root vegetable
- Origin: North Europe
- Color: yellow flowers
- sowing: Yes
- cutting: no
- Planting: spring
- Harvest: autumn
- Height: 40 cm max
Ideal soil and exposure to grow rutabagas
The rutabaga will need a low acid soil, well drained, rich in humus, with a sunny exposure.
Date of sowing of rutabaga
Sowing is done in April until June, for a harvest in the fall, around October. Space rows 40 cm apart. It will lighten at 25 cm when the plant is well formed.
Board of maintenance and culture of rutabaga
If the summer is very dry, do not hesitate to water. The soil must be mulched to conserve moisture and prevent the spread of disease. Eliminate yellow or damaged leaves.
Harvesting, conservation and use of rutabaga
The harvest begins when the roots are around 6 to 10 cm in diameter, and is done as and when needed. Rutabagas can be kept in dry sand silo or in the cellar if it is dark, cool, dry and well ventilated, not risking frost.
Diseases, pests and parasites of rutabaga
Watch out for flea beetle, stonewort, hernia... like cabbages!
Location and association favorable to rutabaga
Do not plant it near potatoes, other cabbage and root vegetables such as radishes.
Recommended varieties of rutabaga for a plantation in the garden
Among the different varieties, let's mention the Rutabaga 'yellow with green collar', big, round with yellow flesh, Rutabaga 'Champion', rustic, with red collar, yellow flesh, Rutabaga 'Giant white of Vendée', tender flesh...