Virginia Sumac (Rhus Typhina) Or Toxicondendron

Virginia Sumac (Rhus typhina) or Toxicondendron

Virginia Sumac is a rustic upright shrub with ample habit and deciduous foliage that turns bright red-orange in autumn. The trunk is small, the branches are red, velvety. It is a dioecious shrub that is to say that the male and female flowers are borne on separate plants.

The dark green leaves are alternate, pinnate, composed of 10 to 30 oblong leaflets, lanceolate, with toothed margin. They reach about fifty centimeters.

In summer, amaranth red velvet cone-shaped inflorescences of 10 to 20 cm long are erected. They stay on the tree all winter long.

In autumn, female plants produce grouped red, pubescent and spherical red fruits, provided there is a male foot next to them.

All Rhus are not suckers but this is the case of Virginia Sumac, which can make it invasive, so be vigilant.

  • Family: Anarcadiaceae
  • Type: shrub
  • Origin: North America
  • Color: red flowers
  • Sowing: yes
  • Cutting: yes
  • Planting: autumn
  • Flowering: July-August
  • Height: 4 to 5 m

Ideal soil and exposure for Virginia Sumac

The Virginia Sumac is grown in full sun so that in autumn, the most beautiful colors appear. Fresh, deep, well-drained soil will be appreciated.

Date of seeding, cutting and planting of Virginia Sumac

It is in autumn that you will sow the Sumac of Virginia in nursery. You will make semi-woody cuttings in summer or root cuttings in winter. You can also separate rejects during the rest period. As for planting, do it in the fall.

Virginia Sumac Care and Cultivation Council

You can cut at the end of winter by cutting the flowering shoots to half: this allows to keep a balanced framework and to promote the new shoots.

Diseases, pests and parasites of Virginia Sumac

Beware of coral disease and verticillium wilt.

Location and favorable association of Virginia Sumac

It is a shrub that makes a beautiful effect in isolation, thanks to its ample shape.

Virginia Sumac (Rhus typhina) or Toxicondendron

There are nearly 200 species of Rhus but Rhus typhina is the most common. It comes in Rhus typhina 'Dissecta' or 'Laciniata' with very cut leaflets, Rhus typhina 'Tiger Eyes' foliage cut golden yellow.

Besides Virginia Sumac, you will find Rhus glabra or Smooth-faced Sumac or Vinegar with unarmed and smooth stems, Rhus verniciflua with semi-pendent yellow-green flowers and pale yellow fruits, Rhus copallina or Copal not exceeding 1.5 m...

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